Lomonasov Badge

1) There will be 5 questions which I will attempt to answer.

C3H8 + O2 → CO2 + H20 → C3H8 + 5O2 > 3CO2 + 4H2O

Al2(SO3)3 + NaOH → Na2SO3 + Al(OH)3 → Al2(SO3)3 + 6NaOH = 3Na2SO3 + 2Al(OH)3

Al2O3 + Fe → Fe3O4 + Al → 4Al2O3 + 9Fe = 3Fe3O4 + 8Al

KClO3 → KCl + O2→ 2KClO3 → 2KCl + 3O2

NH4NO3 → N2O + H2O → NH4NO3 → N2O + 2H2O

The law of conservation of mass states that mass in an isolated system is neither created nor destroyed by chemical reactions or physical transformations. According to the law of conservation of mass, the mass of the products in a chemical reaction must equal the mass of the reactants.

The periodic table is an arrangement of the chemical elements, ordered by their atomic number (number of protons), electron configurations, and recurring chemical properties. This ordering shows periodic trends, such as elements with similar behaviour in the same column. It also shows four rectangular blocks with some approximately similar chemical properties. In general, within one row (period) the elements are metals on the left, and non-metals on the right.

Lavoisier’s Traité Élémentaire de Chimie (Elementary Treatise of Chemistry), first translated into English by the writer Robert Kerr, is considered to be the first modern textbook about chemistry. It contained a list of “simple substances” that Lavoisier believed could not be broken down further, which included oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen, phosphorus, mercury, zinc and sulfur, which formed the basis for the modern list of elements. Lavoisier’s list also included ‘light’ and ‘caloric’, which were at the time were believed to be material substances. He has classified these substances into metals and non metals.

Dmitri Mendeleev published in 1869 the first widely recognised periodic table. He developed his table to illustrate periodic trends in the properties of the then-known elements. Mendeleev also predicted some properties of then-unknown elements that would be expected to fill gaps in this table. Most of his predictions were proved correct when the elements in question were subsequently discovered. Mendeleev’s periodic table has since been expanded and refined with the discovery or synthesis of further new elements and the development of new theoretical models to explain chemical behaviour.

 

Rafa’s last days

Those last days. No way of wrapping it pretty or pretending otherwise Rafa was dying. Now it is my turn to take up the mantle of being man of the house. Rafa had now become a bigger priority than he already was. With ma going to church every day she leaves me to do the dirty work. Rafa was not as hard to look after, all he does is just  covers the arm chair with his body, while watching various shows on the television. All I have to do is comfort Rafa and cook food for him. Sometimes for my ma it seemed like she was the one dying. The doctors always determine that Rafa may have a few days, weeks or even months, this was a constant reminder of whats right round the corner closing in day by day.

Those last days. No way of wrapping it pretty or pretending other wise: Rafa was dead. It guess that my mom did not get any response from upstairs. The door would open with a light gentle breeze with echo of footsteps approaching. The doors within the house opened and closed. There was one room which would stay shut this was Rafa’s room. The time dinner came Ma cooked Rafa’s favourite deliquesce however Rafa was not with us. There is a thought just circling in my head that i could’ve done more for Rafa and made his life a little easier.

There was a sudden knock at the door which kept going on and on. I could hear a faint sound of a female voice. We wanted some peace, however this lady seemed adamant to come in. You would never believe who rocked up to our door. Pura. She had nerve didn’t she.

Pura walked in throwing her coat on the sofa waiting for ma. Ma gave me the look, so I knew to head straight to my room. Through the door I could hear faint shouting and distant chatter. I caught some sentences like, “you didn’t even ask about Rafa” said Ma, yet Pura kept on pleading Ma to lend her some money for her and her son, my nephew.

The time came for me to step in and boy was I angry. The silence was so loud and the tension grew and grew as did the anger inside me. I let it out there and then but no words came out. Pura’s pocket started to jingle and she placed a set of keys and ran out. She gave the car back didn’t she? Ma replied go see for yourself. I ran towards the window looking down at a part of my brother.

Hypothesis Badge

First of all, I would like to begin by highlighting how committed and motivated I am in ensuring that this project is a success. Through my attainment of numerous badges, I am also very ethical in my method of the experiment; thus, I believe that I am the perfect candidate for this project.

In my hypothesis, I believe that as the number of wires increase, so will the voltage of the batteries; however, this will only be the case to a certain extent. This is because the battery doesn’t exceed 5 volts; therefore, it cannot cause harm to the other students, nor can it create a safety hazard.

In the methodology, after all the equipment was gathered, the powerpack was then firstly attached to the plug socket but was not turned on due to safety reasons. Then the A.C and D.C wires were inserted into their respective sockets and the crocodile clips were attached to several other wires. The wires coiled around a metal bolt whereby turning it on allowed it to attract the paper clips off the counter.

This experiment is very significant as places, such as scrapyards, use the aforementioned experiment to increase the efficiency of their work. Consequently, this experiment can be used to help people to save time as well as money, through reducing the number of heavy machinery needed to carry out processes.

I would like to thank you greatly for taking the time to read my hypothesis. I hope that you take my opinions into account and I look forward to hearing from you soon.

Nayim Rouf 9W1S

 

To what extent is Macbeth a tragic hero or just a butcher?

MACBETH WAS A HERO WAY BEFORE HE STARTED TO KILL THE ONES WHO WERE CLOSE TO HIM. THERE WAY MANY MURDERS MACBETH COMMITTED HOWEVER THE DEATHS THAT I AM GOING TO WRITE ABOUT ARE THE THREE MAIN DEATHS WHICH LED TO MACBETH’S END. THE DEATHS ARE (IN ORDER) DUNCAN, BANQUO AND MACDUFF’S FAMILY.

DUNCAN- THE DEATH OF DUNCAN WAS MEANINGLESS HOWEVER POT OF GOLD AT THE END OF THE RAINBOW FOR MACBETH. BUT WHAT MAKES ME THINK IS HOW MACBETH COULD COULD DO IT, HOW COULD HE KILL ONE WHO WAS CLOSE SO CLOSE TO HIM AND NOT GIVE A DAMN ABOUT IT. MACBETH KILLED A FRIEND WHO  ALWAYS SPOKE OF HIM HIGHLY AND HAD THE UTMOST RESPECT FOR HIM. FOR EXAMPLE. “O worthiest cousin! The sin of my     ingratitude even now Was heavy on me: thou art so far before”(ACT 1- SCENE 2) AND EVEN MACBETH WOULD REPLY WITH THE UTMOST RESPECT BACK TO DUNCAN, “The service and the loyalty I owe, In doing it, pays itself. Your highness’ part is to receive our duties” (ACT 1-SCENE 2) MACBETH FOLLOWED WITH HIS PLAN OF KILLING DUNCAN SO HE COULD TAKE DUNCAN’S KINGHOOD ALL FOR HIMSELF AND HIS WIFE LADY MACBETH. LET ME ASK YOU, WOULD YOU KILL SOMEONE WHO YOU PLEDGED YOU ALLEGIANCE TO? THINK ABOUT IT.

BANQUO- NOW WE HAVE COME TO MACBETH’S LIFE LONG BUDDY, A BROTHER IN ARMS, A BROTHER FROM ANOTHER MOTHER. BANQUO WAS A FRIEND WHO COULD TRUST MACBETH WITH HIS LIFE. THEY WERE THEIR OWN VERSION OF THE DYNAMIC DUO. “BANQUO- Give me my sword. Who’s there?” MACBETH REPLY’S ” a friend” (ACT 2- SCENE 1) ,AS YOU CAN SEE BANQUO WAS A BROTHER TO MACBETH YET HE COULD NOT TAKE IN THE FACT THAT BANQUOS SON FLEANCE WAS GOING TO BECOME KING AFTER MACBETH’S DEATH. FOLLOWING MACBETH’S KILLING SPREE HE ADDED TWO NEW OBJECTIVES BANQUO AND FLEANCE. YET MACBETH DOES NOT HAVE THE AUDACITY  TO KILL BANQUO AND FLEANCE HIM SELF SO HIRES SOME WORTHLESS MERCENARIES TO DO THE JOB FOR FOR HIM. MACBETH AND SOME OTHERS MAKES A BIGGEN ABOUT HOW MACBETH IS SUCH A GREAT WARRIOR YET HE CAN’T KILL BANQUO HE IS NOTHING MORE THAN A COWARD AT THAT TIME. “Banquo- Within. Give us a light there, ho! Second Murderer- Then ’tis he; the rest That are within the note of expectation already are i’ th’ court. First Murderer- His horses go about. Third Murderer- Almost a mile; but he does usually, so all men do, from hence to th’ palace gate make it their walk. [Enter Banquo, and Fleance with a torch] Second Murderer- A light, a light! Third Murderer- ’Tis he. First Murderer- Stand to’t. Banquo- It will be rain tonight. First Murderer- Let it come down. They assault Banquo. Banquo- O, treachery! Fly, good Fleance, fly, fly, fly! Thou mayst revenge. O slave! [Dies] [Fleance escapes] Third Murderer- Who did strike out the light? First Murderer- Was’t not the way? Third Murderer- There’s but one down; the son is fled. Second Murderer- We have lost Best half of our affair. First Murderer- Well, let’s away, and say how much is done. SAME QUESTION AGAIN BUT SLIGHTLY DIFFERENT. WOULD YOU KILL YOUR LIFE LONG BUDDY?

MACDUFF’S FAMILY- NOW WE HAVE COME TO A DEATH WHERE I THINK WAS SO POINTLESS. MACBETH MUST OF THOUGHT IF HE KILLED MACDUFF’S FAMILY IT WOULD WEAKEN HIM SO MACBETH COULD STRIKE AT MACDUFF WHEN HE IS VULNERABLE AND AT A TIME WHERE MACDUFF WOULD BE GRIEVING, BOY WAS MACBETH WRONG. YET AGAIN MACBETH DID NOT KILL MACDUFF’S FAMILY HE HIRED THE WORTHLESS MERCENARIES ONCE AGAIN. ” First Murderer- Where is your husband?Lady Macduff- I hope, in no place so unsanctified Where such as thou mayst find him.First Murderer- He’s a traitor.Son- Thou li’st, thou shag-ear’d villain!First Murderer- What, you egg![Stabbing him]Young fry of treachery!Son- He has kill’d me, mother Run away, I pray you![Dies.][Exit Lady Macduff crying “Murder!” and pursued by the Murderers.] (ACT 4- SCENE 2)

SIWARD- I KNOW, I KNOW THIS DEATH HAS NOTHING TO DO WITH THE MAJOR PLOT LINE BUT IT IS JUST ANOTHER POINTLESS KILLING. THIS IS JUST TO SHOW WHAT MACBETH WILL DO IF ANYTHING GOT IN THE WAY OF HIS OBJECTIVE, TO WHAT EXTANT HE WILL GO TO REACH HIS GOAL, HIS OBJECTIVE.“Young Siward- What is thy name? Macbeth- Thou’lt be afraid to hear it. Young Siward- No; though thou call’st thyself a hotter name than any is in hell. Macbeth- My name’s Macbeth. Young Siward- The devil himself could not pronounce a title more hateful to mine ear. Macbeth- No; nor more fearful. Young Siward- Thou liest, abhorred tyrant, with my sword I’ll prove the lie thou speak’st. [Fight, and Young Siward slain] Macbeth- Thou wast born of woman. But swords I smile at, weapons laugh to scorn,Brandish’d by man that’s of a woman born.

IN MY OPINION MACBETH WANTED TO BE REMEMBERED AS A HERO AND IN SOME WAY A LEGEND BUT HE WAS NOT IN THE RIGHT FRAME OF MIND AND CLEARLY DID NOT THINK THROUGH EVERYTHING THOROUGHLY ENOUGH. AS WE ALL KNOW MACBETH WAS SLAIN BY MACDUFF AND MACDUFF PROUDLY EXPOSED MACBETH TO EVERYONE.

BY NAYIM ROUF 8W1S

Macbeths Diary Entry

Dear diary,

I Macbeth had just hired two lowlife assassins to kill my one of my most loyal companion, Banquo. You may be thinking why would i want to kill and great friend of mine let me tell you why.

It all happend way back when me and Banqou first encountered the three weird sisters or in our case witches. They told us many things but what was stuck in my mind was when the sisters said,

SCENE SUMMARY

SCENE 1

THE SCENE OPENS WITH THE THREE WITCHES COMING TOGETHER  IN ANY WEATHER, TALKING ABOUT WHERE THEY SHALL MEET NEXT, THE PLACE WHERE MACBETH ENTERS. THE SCENE CLOSES WITH THE THREE WITCHES CHANTING SOME SORT OF MOTTO, IT WENT SOMETHING LIKE THIS.

“FAIR IS FOUL AND FOUL IS FAIR, HOVER THROUGH THE FOG AND FILTHY AIR.”

SCENE 2

Diary Entry From Battle

DEAR DIARY,

MY DAY WAS HORRIFIC, A MAN WHO I LOOKED UP, A MAN WHO I THOUGHT  KEPT HIS WORD. WELL THE SIGHT  I SAW TODAY ALL WHAT I SAID IS A BIG FAT LIE. A MAN NAMED MACBETH KILLING A LORD, IN MY EYES HE WAS A LORD. MACBETH KILLED THE NORWEGIAN LORD IN FRONT OF MY EYES I WITNESSED A DEATH. I SAW WITH MY OWN TWO EYES MY HERO MACBETH SLICING A LORD. THE AMOUNT OF BLOOD SPILLING FROM THE BODY THE CUTS, THE BRUISES, THE SCARS. NOW I AM SCARED FOR KNOWING WHAT HAS HAPPEND BETWEEN THESE TWO LEGENDS. LIGHTNING AND THUNDER ALL AROUND, AN INTENSE BATTLE HAPPENING AROUND ME WHILE I LAY ON THE FLOOR WAITING TO BE SAVED.

IF I DON’T MAKE IT I LOVE YOU ALL,  YOURS SINCERELY, JAMES

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